설치환경


Base 환경

- Windows 7 Ultimate 64Bit / I5 / 4G ram


사용 SW

- vmware 7.1.3 / Cent OS 5.5 /  Oracle 10g R2 linux x86


1. VMware


Vmware SW 설치


설치 완료후

New Virtual Machine 선택 (Cent Os를 위한 가상 환경 생성)

- Ram 1G,
- Hdd 20G,

- Bridge Network

(설치후 network에 문제가있을경우 vmware network editor 에서 automatic 을 실제 사용하는 nic로 변경)

- OS Type: Linux , Cent


Tip. vmware를 구하기 어렵거나 비용등의 문제가 있으면


https://www.vmware.com/support/

에서  vmware player 를 사용하여 install 하여도됨.



2. OS 설치

2.1. 준비


http://www.centos.org/ 를 통해 Cent OS 5.5 다운로드 하거나 아래 torrent seed로 다운

CentOS-5.5-i386-bin-DVD.torrent 


(실환경의 경우 생략)

다운 받은 ISO 를 위에서 생성한 vmware setting 의  Hardware Tab의

CD/DVD 를 통해 설치시 사용하도록 설정후 vmware 이미지 수행



2.2. OS 설치

Default 옵션으로 모두 설치
패키지들 초기 설치시 선택 하지 않음

(패키시 설정에서 gnome 만 선택된 상태에서 모두 테스트한내용)


본문서에서 설치하는 방법은 Cent OS의 기본값에서 selinux만 disabled / 파티션 등도 특별하게 나누지 않았음 ^^;;


os 설치의 경우 사용용도에 따라 달라 지므로 설명 생략

network 설정도 dhcp 환경이라고 가정하에서 수행 (설정아무것도 없음. ㅋ)


2.3. 관련 package 설치


Terminal 창에서 수행 (마우스 오른쪽버튼 open terminal)


[tofriend@localhost ~]$ su -
Password:

[root@localhost ~]# yum install setarch make glibc libaio compat-libstdc++-33 compat-gcc-34 gcc libXp openmotif compat-db

Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
* addons: ftp.daum.net
* base: ftp.daum.net
* extras: ftp.daum.net
* updates: ftp.daum.net
Setting up Install Process
Package setarch-2.0-1.1.i386 already installed and latest version
Package 1:make-3.81-3.el5.i386 already installed and latest version
Package libaio-0.3.106-5.i386 already installed and latest version
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package compat-db.i386 0:4.2.52-5.1 set to be updated
---> Package compat-gcc-34.i386 0:3.4.6-4 set to be updated
--> Processing Dependency: glibc-devel >= 2.2.90-12 for package: compat-gcc-34
---> Package compat-libstdc++-33.i386 0:3.2.3-61 set to be updated
---> Package gcc.i386 0:4.1.2-48.el5 set to be updated
--> Processing Dependency: libgomp >= 4.1.2-48.el5 for package: gcc
--> Processing Dependency: glibc = 2.5-49 for package: nscd
---> Package glibc.i686 0:2.5-49.el5_5.7 set to be updated
--> Processing Dependency: glibc-common = 2.5-49.el5_5.7 for package: glibc
---> Package libXp.i386 0:1.0.0-8.1.el5 set to be updated
---> Package openmotif.i386 0:2.3.1-5.el5_5.1 set to be updated
addons/filelists                                         |  195 B     00:00     
base/filelists_db                                        | 3.4 MB     00:00     
extras/filelists_db                                      | 195 kB     00:00     
updates/filelists                                        | 3.3 MB     00:00     
--> Running transaction check
---> Package glibc-common.i386 0:2.5-49.el5_5.7 set to be updated
---> Package glibc-devel.i386 0:2.5-49.el5_5.7 set to be updated
--> Processing Dependency: glibc-headers = 2.5-49.el5_5.7 for package: glibc-devel
--> Processing Dependency: glibc-headers for package: glibc-devel
---> Package libgomp.i386 0:4.4.0-6.el5 set to be updated
---> Package nscd.i386 0:2.5-49.el5_5.7 set to be updated
--> Running transaction check
---> Package glibc-headers.i386 0:2.5-49.el5_5.7 set to be updated
--> Processing Dependency: kernel-headers >= 2.2.1 for package: glibc-headers
--> Processing Dependency: kernel-headers for package: glibc-headers
--> Running transaction check
---> Package kernel-headers.i386 0:2.6.18-194.32.1.el5 set to be updated
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

================================================================================
Package                  Arch      Version                  Repository    Size
================================================================================
Installing:
compat-db                i386      4.2.52-5.1               base         1.7 M
compat-gcc-34            i386      3.4.6-4                  base         4.1 M
compat-libstdc++-33      i386      3.2.3-61                 base         232 k
gcc                      i386      4.1.2-48.el5             base         5.2 M
libXp                    i386      1.0.0-8.1.el5            base          23 k
openmotif                i386      2.3.1-5.el5_5.1          updates      1.5 M
Updating:
glibc                    i686      2.5-49.el5_5.7           updates      5.3 M
Installing for dependencies:
glibc-devel              i386      2.5-49.el5_5.7           updates      2.0 M
glibc-headers            i386      2.5-49.el5_5.7           updates      602 k
kernel-headers           i386      2.6.18-194.32.1.el5      updates      1.1 M
libgomp                  i386      4.4.0-6.el5              base          70 k
Updating for dependencies:
glibc-common             i386      2.5-49.el5_5.7           updates       16 M
nscd                     i386      2.5-49.el5_5.7           updates      166 k

Transaction Summary
================================================================================
Install      10 Package(s)
Upgrade       3 Package(s)

Total download size: 38 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
(1/13): libXp-1.0.0-8.1.el5.i386.rpm                     |  23 kB     00:00     
(2/13): libgomp-4.4.0-6.el5.i386.rpm                     |  70 kB     00:00     
(3/13): nscd-2.5-49.el5_5.7.i386.rpm                     | 166 kB     00:00     
(4/13): compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-61.i386.rpm            | 232 kB     00:00     
(5/13): glibc-headers-2.5-49.el5_5.7.i386.rpm            | 602 kB     00:00     
(6/13): kernel-headers-2.6.18-194.32.1.el5.i386.rpm      | 1.1 MB     00:00     
(7/13): openmotif-2.3.1-5.el5_5.1.i386.rpm               | 1.5 MB     00:00     
(8/13): compat-db-4.2.52-5.1.i386.rpm                    | 1.7 MB     00:00     
(9/13): glibc-devel-2.5-49.el5_5.7.i386.rpm              | 2.0 MB     00:00     
(10/13): compat-gcc-34-3.4.6-4.i386.rpm                  | 4.1 MB     00:00     
(11/13): gcc-4.1.2-48.el5.i386.rpm                       | 5.2 MB     00:00     
(12/13): glibc-2.5-49.el5_5.7.i686.rpm                   | 5.3 MB     00:00     
(13/13): glibc-common-2.5-49.el5_5.7.i386.rpm            |  16 MB     00:02     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                           6.3 MB/s |  38 MB     00:06     
warning: rpmts_HdrFromFdno: Header V3 DSA signature: NOKEY, key ID e8562897
updates/gpgkey                                           | 1.5 kB     00:00     
Importing GPG key 0xE8562897 "CentOS-5 Key (CentOS 5 Official Signing Key) <centos-5-key@centos.org>" from /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Finished Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
 Updating       : glibc-common                                            1/16
 Installing     : kernel-headers                                          2/16
 Updating       : glibc                                                   3/16
 Installing     : glibc-headers                                           4/16
 Installing     : glibc-devel                                             5/16
 Installing     : libgomp                                                 6/16
 Installing     : libXp                                                   7/16
 Installing     : openmotif                                               8/16
 Updating       : nscd                                                    9/16
 Installing     : compat-db                                              10/16
 Installing     : gcc                                                    11/16
 Installing     : compat-libstdc++-33                                    12/16
 Installing     : compat-gcc-34                                          13/16
 Cleanup        : nscd                                                   14/16
 Cleanup        : glibc-common                                           15/16
 Cleanup        : glibc                                                  16/16

Installed:
 compat-db.i386 0:4.2.52-5.1              compat-gcc-34.i386 0:3.4.6-4         
 compat-libstdc++-33.i386 0:3.2.3-61      gcc.i386 0:4.1.2-48.el5              
 libXp.i386 0:1.0.0-8.1.el5               openmotif.i386 0:2.3.1-5.el5_5.1     

Dependency Installed:
 glibc-devel.i386 0:2.5-49.el5_5.7         glibc-headers.i386 0:2.5-49.el5_5.7
 kernel-headers.i386 0:2.6.18-194.32.1.el5 libgomp.i386 0:4.4.0-6.el5         

Updated:
 glibc.i686 0:2.5-49.el5_5.7                                                   

Dependency Updated:
 glibc-common.i386 0:2.5-49.el5_5.7         nscd.i386 0:2.5-49.el5_5.7        

Complete!
[root@localhost ~]# rpm -qa setarch make glibc libaio compat-libstdc++-33 compat-gcc-34 gcc libXp openmotif compat-db
setarch-2.0-1.1
libaio-0.3.106-5
glibc-2.5-49.el5_5.7
libXp-1.0.0-8.1.el5
compat-db-4.2.52-5.1
gcc-4.1.2-48.el5
compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-61
make-3.81-3.el5
openmotif-2.3.1-5.el5_5.1
compat-gcc-34-3.4.6-4
[root@localhost ~]#





2.4. 환경 설정


계속해서 Terminal 창에서 수행 (마우스 오른쪽버튼 open terminal)


/etc/redhat_release   변경


[root@localhost ~]# vi /etc/redhat-release


 redhat-4


변경 (기존 CentOS release 5.5 (Final) 를 redhat-4 로 변경)


/etc/security/limits.conf  내용추가


[root@localhost ~]# vi /etc/security/limits.conf


* soft nproc 2047
* hard nproc 16384
* soft nofile 1024
* hard nofile 65536


추가


/etc/sysctl.conf 내용추가


[root@localhost ~]# vi /etc/sysctl.conf


kernel.shmmax = 4294967295
kernel.shmall = 268435456
kernel.shmmax = 2147483648
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
fs.file-max = 65536
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000
net.core.rmem_default = 262144
net.core.rmem_max = 262144
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.wmem_max = 262144


추가 후 설정 확인 (아래와같이 나오면 정상)



[root@localhost ~]# /sbin/sysctl -p
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 1
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route = 0
kernel.sysrq = 0
kernel.core_uses_pid = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1
kernel.msgmnb = 65536
kernel.msgmax = 65536
kernel.shmmax = 4294967295
kernel.shmall = 268435456
kernel.shmmax = 2147483648
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
fs.file-max = 65536
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000
net.core.rmem_default = 262144
net.core.rmem_max = 262144
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.wmem_max = 262144
[root@localhost ~]#




/etc/pam.d/login 내용추가


[root@localhost ~]# vi /etc/pam.d/login


session    required     /lib/security/pam_limits.so


추가



이쯤 해서 centos rebooting 한후 진행하는것이 좋음


설치 관련 계정 및 디렉토리 생성



[root@localhost ~]# groupadd oinstall
[root@localhost ~]# groupadd dba
[root@localhost ~]# useradd -g oinstall -G dba oracle
[root@localhost ~]# passwd oracle
Changing password for user oracle.
New UNIX password:
Retype new UNIX password:
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.
[root@localhost ~]# mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1 
[root@localhost ~]# chown -R oracle.oinstall /u01
[root@localhost ~]# mkdir -p /oracle/oradata
[root@localhost ~]# chown -R oracle.oinstall /oracle



.bash_profile 추가 (환경설정, oracle 계정)



[root@localhost ~]# su - oracle
[oracle@localhost ~]$ vi .bash_profile


TMP=/tmp; export TMP
TMPDIR=$TMP; export TMPDIR
ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle; export ORACLE_BASE
ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/10.2.0/db_1; export ORACLE_HOME
ORACLE_SID=orcl; export ORACLE_SID
ORACLE_TERM=xterm; export ORACLE_TERM
PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH; export PATH
PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH; export PATH
export DISPLAY=:0.0


추가




3. 오라클 설치

3.1. 준비


oracle 10g r2  다운로드

http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/10201linuxsoft-097986.html


본 문서에서는 base os (windows 7)에서 다운로드 후 sftp를 통해  oracle 계정으로 전송하였으나

설치된 cent os 의 firefox에서 바로 다운로드 하거나

vmware 의 vmware shared folder 를 통해서 전송하는등 방법은 많음. ^^*



Terminal 창에서 수행 (마우스 오른쪽버튼 open terminal)




[oracle@localhost ~]$ ls -al   파일확인
total 653744
drwx------ 3 oracle oinstall      4096 Mar 20 13:42 .
drwxr-xr-x 4 root   root          4096 Mar 20 13:34 ..
-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall 668734007 Mar 20 13:41 10201_database_linux32.zip
-rw------- 1 oracle oinstall        48 Mar 20 13:38 .bash_history
-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall        33 Mar 20 13:34 .bash_logout
-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall       507 Mar 20 13:37 .bash_profile
-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall       124 Mar 20 13:34 .bashrc
drwxr-xr-x 4 oracle oinstall      4096 Mar 20 13:34 .mozilla
-rw------- 1 oracle oinstall       743 Mar 20 13:37 .viminfo
[oracle@localhost ~]$ unzip 10201_database_linux32.zip


설치 파일 압축해제


[oracle@localhost ~]$ ls
10201_database_linux32.zip  database






3.2. 설치



[oracle@localhost ~]$ su -   루트로 변경
[root@localhost ~]# xhost +
access control disabled, clients can connect from any host
[root@localhost ~]# su - oracle   설치를 위해 oracle계정
[oracle@localhost ~]$ cd database/
[oracle@localhost database]$ ./runInstaller
Starting Oracle Universal Installer...

Checking installer requirements...

Checking operating system version: must be redhat-3, SuSE-9, redhat-4, UnitedLinux-1.0, asianux-1 or asianux-2
                                     Passed


All installer requirements met.

Preparing to launch Oracle Universal Installer from /tmp/OraInstall2011-03-20_02-03-20PM. Please wait ...




Installer 가 수행되면 환경에 맞게 설치

- 테스트 목적이라면 Basic Installation으로 수행

- 설치 완료 시점에 스크립터 수행의 경우

- 새로운 터미널 창을 연후 root 계정으로 수행하여야 함 (아래 화면 참조)


설치화면





1.jpg


2.jpg


3.jpg


4.jpg


5.jpg



OS 설치시 network를 static 으로 설치하였을 경우 network 부분은 문제없이 지니가지만

본 문서처럼 dhcp라면 확인을 해준후 Next


6.jpg


7.jpg


8.jpg


9.jpg


10.jpg


11.jpg


12.jpg


13.jpg


14.jpg


15.jpg


16.jpg



새로운 터미널 창을 연후 su - 로 root 권한 획득 후 아래와 같이 스크립터 수행


17.jpg


18.jpg






설치 완료후 확인 및 scott/tiger 계정 enable



[oracle@localhost database]$ sqlplus '/as sysdba'

SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on Sun Mar 20 17:50:12 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options


SQL> shutdown immediate
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  285212672 bytes
Fixed Size                  1218992 bytes
Variable Size              96470608 bytes
Database Buffers          184549376 bytes
Redo Buffers                2973696 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.


SQL> alter user scott account unlock;

User altered.

SQL> conn scott/tiger;
Connected.
SQL> select * from emp where rownum=1;

    EMPNO ENAME      JOB              MGR HIREDATE         SAL       COMM   DEPTNO
---------- ---------- --------- ---------- --------- ---------- ----------  ----------
     7369 SMITH      CLERK           7902 17-DEC-80        800       20



SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options
[oracle@localhost ~]$ lsnrctl status

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on 20-MAR-2011 21:16:43

Copyright (c) 1991, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=IPC)(KEY=EXTPROC1)))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                     LISTENER
Version                   TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 10.2.0.1.0 - Production
Start Date                20-MAR-2011 17:12:43
Uptime                    0 days 4 hr. 3 min. 59 sec
Trace Level               off
Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP                      OFF
Listener Parameter File   /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File         /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/network/log/listener.log
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC1)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=localhost.localdomain)(PORT=1521)))
Services Summary...
Service "PLSExtProc" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "PLSExtProc", status UNKNOWN, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "orcl" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "orcl", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "orclXDB" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "orcl", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "orcl_XPT" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "orcl", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully
[oracle@localhost ~]$







추가 -  11g r2 설치 (대부분동일)



vmware 설정시 메모리 1G 이상확인후



패키지설치


yum install make binutils gcc libaio libaio-devel libstdc++ libstdc++-devel sysstat libgcc elfutils-libelf elfutils-libelf-devel glibc-common glibc-devel gcc-c++ unixODBC pdksh unixODBC-devel compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-61



커널 파라미터

vi /etc/sysctl.conf

fs.suid_dumpable = 1
fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
fs.file-max = 6815744
kernel.shmall = 2097152
kernel.shmmax = 536870912
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
net.core.rmem_default = 262144
net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.wmem_max = 1048586



이외 동일 redhat-release 변경 필요없음

ORACLE_BASE 디렉토리 이름 및 path 변경 (상황에 맞게. 10.2.0 -> 11.2 )


참조 link

http://www.oracle-base.com/articles/11g/OracleDB11gR2InstallationOnEnterpriseLinux5.php